Sunday, March 3, 2019
A Long Walk to Freedom – Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela in his book, Long Walk to liberty argues finished the first five move that a black individual mustiness deal, coop, and grow done a society that is deflecting their lives with apartheid and suppression of their just land. Rolihlanla Mphakanyiswa or clan name, Madiba was born on July 18, 1918 in a simple village of Mvezo, which was non ac consumptioned to the happenings of confederation Africa as a whole. His catch was an respected man who led a good keep, moreover incapacitated it because of a dispute with the magistrate.While, his mother was a hard-working woman full of periodical choirs. His childhood was full of playing games with fellow children and having fun. In school, Mandela was given his side of meat name of Nelson. subsequently his fathers death, he moved to mania with a regent, who was a well-off individual and owed Nelsons father for a previous favor. The next several years were full of schooling for Nelson. These schools undetermined Ne lsons eyes to galore(postnominal) things, which we bequeath discuss later. He and the regents son, Justice decided to travel to Johannesburg and match what work they could queue up.They go forth on their journey with unwrap the regents permission, tho eventually break loose his position and settled gobble up in the town. In Johannesburg, Nelson settled graduate in a law firm as an assistant and went to University of due south Africa and Witwatersrand University to further his law nurture. Witswatersrand University brought many new ideas to Nelson and awakened a living inside of him. The next several years, Nelson met many new establishmental friends and began his interest group in the ANC. Also during this time, he met Evelyn and they became married.Gradually Nelsons political liaison grew and his family sustenance declined. Nelson and his good friend, Oliver Tambo opened a law firm, which took up most of Nelsons time. Evelyn mothered two of Nelsons children, stil l the gradually grew apart. Now, Nelson was an influential political individual and bans and shut awaying began to follow him around. One day, a young woman came into his life by the name of Winnie and they got married. Winnie gave birth to two more of Nelsons children. As time passed, Nelsons spirit for emancipation grew more and more apiece day.Though his life was full of bannings and jailings, he never gave up his iron out, but he knew that the south African government was becoming agitated with him and the ANC. The South African government became ruthless and strict and this forced Nelson to leave his family. After he left his family, he went underground. Nelsons life has been full of hardships and decisions, but his learnt for the struggle has never faltered. Now let us interpret Nelson in closer detail. Nelson is an individual who fought through many hardships, but was alike faced with decisions that affected his future, his family, and his livelihood.As we look at Nels on deeper, we can see many interesting points. He was opened to new ideas and beliefs through his experiences in the schools of Heraldtown and Fort Hare, but knew there was whateverthing better. He decided to travel to Johannesburg to find new and greater opportunities. While, in Johannesburg, he believed education would be a key asset. While working for a small firm, he took classes at University of South Africa and eventually Wits University. Here is where his mind and social life flourished. He interacted with great minds and influential political individuals.He talked to many Africans without prim education, who contained more k immediatelyledge and better social skills than many Africans with education. But, he hush up persisted in acquiring his B. A. Wits University brought his life to new extents. He was withal talking to Indians, Coloureds, and whites for the first time in his life and Becoming friends with many more big(p) African individuals. Nelson soon joined the AN C and became really prominent in the fight for discontinuedom. Nelson was eternally open to listening to new ideas, but when his was just starting his fight.He believed that just Africans should fight the struggle and that the Indians, Coloureds, and communistics would hinder their fight. As the ANC grew, Nelson also became well known. He was part of the Youth League, other beneficial part of the ANC. Nelson was non president yet, but was conditionful affluent to voice is opinions, which many people listened to and believed in. As Nelsons political enfolding grew, the police became more aware of him. Nelson accepted ban after ban, which ranged from months to years. He also experienced jail time constantly. Eventually, the polices prosecution of him forced him to go underground.Nelson was also becoming more open-minded. He now believed that the fight should involve the Indians and the Coloureds. He also believed that collectivism did stick out some good points, but he wo uld never accept the whole fabianism grimace. There were many freedom fighters in South Africa. One that stood out was Dr. Xuma. Dr. Xuma was friend of Nelson and the president of the ANC, but the struggle forces many hardships on angiotensin-converting enzymes life. Nelson gave everything up to pursue his fight for freedom. He left his family, his thriving law firm, and his past for the struggle. Dr.Xuma believed in the same ideas as Nelson, but would not give up his prominence with the whites and his wealthy occupation for the struggle. This decision had to be made by many freedom fighters. Nelson gave his life for the fight. While, Dr. Xuma thought his occupational group was more important. Now let us look closer at some issues seen through Mandelas book. Through this paragraph, I will correspond impertinent regula encouragement seen in Long Walk to Freedom to foreign lure seen in Mexico through Professor Hornibrooks lectures and notes. As I have seen through your lecture s, South Africa was affected by foreign influence from the British and the Dutch.Mandelas biography overhauls give more detailed accounts of the European influence seen in South Africa. Ever since Mandela was born, the Europeans power affected his people. European influence could be seen through every aspect of life. In Mandelas school, he was given an English name and this was because this was the custom among Africans in those days and was undoubtedly due to the British bias of our education. (14) Also, the education I received was a British education, in which British ideas, British culture, British institutions were automatically assumed to be superior.There was no much(prenominal) thing as African culture. (14) This interprets that it was difficult to get away from the British influence even for children in school. The British and the Dutch governments passed several acts that were instituted to fight against the Africans freedom struggle. The Africans struggle for indepen dence was slowly growing and this scared the government. A new term was being seen and it was called apartheid. The government enacted laws and acts that prohibited Africans from doing some(prenominal) things that were spanking to their fight and survival. The Group Areas Act was one example.This act called for each racial group to be separated into separate areas. Another act was the creation Registration Act, which showed that race had become the most important and influential aspect of South African law and society. Another act was the Suppression of Communism Act. This act called for all communists to be brought to trial. The police could arrest anyone they believed were trying to revolutionise the government by violence and communist ways. Lastly, the government put bans on individuals who were becoming to involved in the struggle and finally the government banned the ANC and all other outlet groups.This ban now made freedom rubbish was illegal in South Africa. The effec t of foreign influence was drastic. Africans lost sense of African culture in schools. While, the foreign government move everything to break down the Africans chance for liberty. The foreign influence seen in South Africa crushed the Africans hope and survival. While this was occurring in South Africa, Mexico was also seeing the effect of foreign influence. Americans and Europeans came into Mexico and gained much power. Haciendas helped their rise and foreign investment in many minerals and petroleum. But, Mexico did not approve of this and changed it.In 1917, Mexico created a new constitution, which limited foreign investment and promised land reform. This showed that Mexico did not want an overpopulation of foreigners and would not allow it. While, in oil, the foreigners controlled much of the oil, which Mexico had an abundance of. In 1938, oil workers went on strike and the companies would not give in, but kind of of allowing foreign influence to become too powerful. The Mexic an leader, Cardenas sent in arbitrators. The arbitrators called for the one/third pay increase, but the companies refused. Therefore, Cardenas nationalized oil and limited the power of foreign influence in Mexico.Now, Mexican oil was controlled by PEMEX, which is controlled exactly by Mexico. Mexico become a large influence in the oil market during the oil crisis, but also went though hyperinflation and eventually require some foreign help. But, the Mexicans would not allow foreign influences to dominate the Mexican state as foreigners have affected South Africa. Now I will examine another issue seen in the book. In this paragraph, I will examine the movement seen in Long Walk to Freedom to the movement seen in China during the 1900s. In South Africa, the movement I saw was the Africans fighting for freedom.In their time of struggle, they had little help from those with power. The liberation movement involved peasants, ameliorate, and well-off Africans. But, the government did wh at ever they could to put down this struggle. They set up organizations, such as the ANC, Youth League, and others, but as seen in other places the wealthy and powerful would not help the struggle. Many people were blind to the struggle. Most of these wardresses had no idea why we were in prison, and gradually began to discover what we were fighting for and why we were willing to risk jail in the first place. (249) Many individuals did not realize what the Africans were really fighting for and why the government was harassing them, but slowly they were learning. Seeing prominent and educated white women discussing serious matters with a black man on the rear end of perfect equality could only lead to the weakening of the wardresses apartheid assumptions. (249) The government tried to separate whites from blacks so whites would not turn sympathetic towards the Africans fight. This scared olfaction made the government acts and laws stricter and harsher towards the African struggle.T herefore, in South Africa, the movement received little help from the people who had influence in the country and the help they truly needed. While, in China, their movement involved their peasants and they had help, which truly helped their struggle. Mao say that In a very short time, several hundred cardinal peasants will rise like a mighty storm They will sweep all the imperialists, warlords, corrupt officials, local tyrants and evil gentry into their sculpt (Mao, 24) Here Mao stated that the peasants would destroy the landlords and corrupt individuals.He helped the peasants by making some reforms. He gave peasants land and made marriages a free choice. He also instituted the 100 Flowers Campaign. This campaign allowed peasants to speak out and have freedom of speech. We see here that the peasants had help in their struggle, while the Africans had very little. This assistance helped the peasants to get the things they were fighting for. Mandelas Long Walk to Freedom, helped sho w the rise of an incredible individual, who fought with many of his countrymen against the oppression and apartheid of white supremacy in South Africa.Throughout the book, I have seen Nelsons open-mindedness. Nelson always listened to communist ideas and Indian goals, eventhough he did not agree with them. Nelson faced many hardships through his struggle and this had to cause some resentment against his oppressors. But if anyone would not be bias in his writing, I would say it would be Nelson Mandela. He has showed in his book that he is great individual and that he will not let his past feeling cloud his writing. You can see his feelings in his book and that is what makes it so good, but I believe he does not hide anything from us on both sides of the stories.In conclusion, Mandelas autobiography is a brilliant book written by an incredible individual. I wish I could of read the whole book for this essay, but that was not possible. It is hard to write an essay on the first 5 parts when I know some things that happened further in the book. I did not know if I should include that information in the essay, but I did not involve it. This book helped to show the other side of the story. We always hear the victors story and in this class we got to hear the other side of the story.